Pictures of Kharkov (Kharkiv): Ukraine's Former Capital
Kharkov is Ukraine's 2nd largest city (over two million inhabitants) and was the capital of the newly formed Ukraine Soviet Socialistic Republic from 1917 to 1934. Today Kharkov is known as an "intelligent" city, due to its large number of students and institutes of higher education, and also to strong research and development institutes. Kharkov is not far from the Russian border and is mostly Russian speaking, but the surrounding towns and villages have larger numbers of Ukrainian speakers.
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Kharkiv's train station has a large square in front of it
Artists' market with cathedral in background
Blagoveschenskyy cathedral above the treetops
The cathedral is visible from many places in Kharkiv
Typical ugly Soviet-era avant-garde architecture. This is the side of the opera house
Front of the opera house
Fountain on Victory Square, across from the opera house
Casino on first floor of historic building
Kharkiv's Freedom Square (Ploschad Svobody) is the largest in Europe; only Tiananmen Square in Beijing is larger